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Category Archives: Contracts

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Web Site Invitation to Submit Art Work for Authentication Does Not a Contract Make, the New York Appellate Division Rules – A General Lesson for User-Generated Content

Can the submission of user-generated content pursuant to an invitation posted on a Web site give rise to  implied  contractual obligations on behalf of the Web site owner?  Although the recent case  of  Thome v. The Alexander & Louisa Calder Foundation, 2009 NY Slip. Op., 2009 N.Y. App. Civ. LEXIS 8707 (N.Y. App. Div. 1st … Continue Reading

Arbitration Provision Unenforceable, Where Online Retailer’s Link to Browsewrap Terms and Conditions Was Not “Prominently Displayed”

When Cynthia Hines returned a vacuum cleaner to online retailer Overstock.com, she was reimbursed for the full amount of her purchase, but Overstock deducted a $30 restocking fee, citing a provision in its Web site Terms and Conditions. Hines filed a purported class action in federal court in the Eastern District of New York asserting … Continue Reading

Facebook Takes a Page from Ticketmaster’s Playbook: Block Unauthorized Web Site Access with Carefully Drafted Terms of Use

In 2007, Ticketmaster brought a multi-count complaint against RMG Technologies, a software company that supplied ticket brokers with software that enabled them to automatically and rapidly access Ticketmaster’s Web site, to the detriment of ordinary users seeking tickets to popular events. The Ticketmaster v. RMG complaint was notable for stating a series of claims that … Continue Reading

Are Clickwrap Agreements with Minors Enforceable? The Fourth Circuit Won’t Say, But the District Court Said Yes

In A.V. v. iParadigms, LLC, 2009 U.S. App. LEXIS 7892 (4th Cir. Apr. 16, 2009), the Fourth Circuit concluded that the archiving of high school student term papers by a plagiarism detection service is protected by the fair use doctrine. Having so ruled, the appeals court did not address the district court’s analysis of the … Continue Reading

Clickwrapped and Browsewrapped – Court Rejects Attorney Plaintiff’s Challenge to Travel Site Terms and Conditions

Case law has developed over the years with respect to enforceability of Web site terms and conditions, and the general parameters are now pretty well understood. Courts will, in general, enforce online terms and conditions against consumer users, provided they are given adequate notice and an opportunity for review. There are numerous exceptions to the … Continue Reading

Sixth Circuit Enforces Disclaimers in Consumer Online Clickwrap Terms of Service

In Doe v. SexSearch.com, Inc., the Sixth Circuit considered the appeal of a user of the SexSearch online dating service from dismissal of his breach of contract, fraud and other state law claims (based on Ohio law) against the service for its failure to screen out underage minors. Doe was arrested and charged with unlawful … Continue Reading
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